Dogue de Bordeaux
The Dogue de Bordeaux is an ancient breed whose history is more legend than fact, as written records are nonexistent. What is known, however, is that these early dogs were incredibly versatile. At various times during their early history, they were used as protectors of homes and businesses, as guardians for livestock, and as herding dogs. They also hunted and were prized for their ability to hunt boars. They were fighters, too, and were used to bait bears, bulls, and big cats. The Dogue De Bordeaux was popular in France in the mid to late 1800s. There were three varieties of the Dogue De Bordeaux: the Toulouse, the Paris, and the Bordeaux. The modern Dogue De Bordeaux has the genetics of all three types, but most experts feel that today’s Dogue De Bordeaux are primarily Bordeaux.
The Dogue De Bordeaux is not a high-activity breed but does need regular exercise.
Today’s Dogue de Bordeaux is a very large, Mastiff-type breed. The head is very broad, with a short muzzle and small dropped ears, and the expression always appears to be scowling due to facial wrinkles. The chest is wide and deep, the body is strong, and the legs sturdy. The tail is long. The coat is short and smooth and can be any shade of red or fawn. This breed’s coat is easy to care for and requires brushing once or twice a week. Dogs with deep wrinkles on the face will need those wrinkles cleaned regularly. Many, especially puppies, can be quite playful, although adults are calmer and more dignified. This breed can run but is not a long-distance runner; instead, they do well at activities where they can use their strength, including carting and weight pulling. Early socialization is very important, as this is a watchful, protective breed. Training should begin during puppyhood so that the Dogue De Bordeaux grows up understanding household rules and social manners and is well-versed in basic obedience skills.
The Dogue De Bordeaux can drool a lot, especially when the dog is anticipating a treat or meal.
The Dogue De Bordeaux is a powerful dog who can, if he wishes to, overpower his owner. Although normally calm, affectionate towards people, and quiet, the Dogue De Bordeaux is also naturally watchful, protective, and powerful, so it needs an owner who is in complete control and training can help achieve that. These dogs need experienced owners, as they can be quite dominant and pushy and will take advantage of an inexperienced or passive owner. They are good with children when raised with them. They may not, however, be good with strange children and may interfere if the kids’ play gets too rough. They are often dog-aggressive. Health concerns include breathing problems, bloat, torsion, thyroid problems, mange, and hip dysplasia.
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